What is endodontics?
Endodontics is the dental specialty concerned with the study and treatment of dental pulp, which is the living connective tissue filling out the pulp chamber and the root canals of a tooth. Dental pulp is rich in both capillaries and nerve networks, which nurture the tooth and facilitate its growth.
Endodontic therapy is most often performed in adult patients. This stems from the fact that dental pulp has barely any regenerative capacity in adulthood. In the event of its death, the connection to the cardiovascular system is severed and the white blood cells therefore cannot stop any potential infections from spreading. Endodontic therapy, in other words root canal treatment, aims to remove infected dental pulp and purify the root canal system to make it possible for it to be hermetically sealed.
When is it necessary to undergo endodontic therapy?
Endodontic therapy is necessary in the case of any cavities reaching the dental pulp itself. Through high quality root canal treatment, we often succeed in healing the infected dental tissue and thus preserving the tooth.
How is endodontic therapy performed?
The goal of the entire endodontic therapy procedure is to treat the root canals of the tooth in their entire length, which is measured both through X-ray and digital scanning. The basis of root canal treatment is purifying the infected root tissue and subsequently filling the root canal, which must be sufficiently widened and has had all the infected dental pulp remains removed. This is facilitated through a special disinfection chemical and an endodontic motor. Another important step is the hermetic sealing of the root canal. Most often it is performed by filling the root with gutta-percha points and a special paste (sealer), which solidifies in the root canal over time. This makes the root canal impenetrable by bacteria and infections will no longer be able to enter the centre of the tooth.
Is it a simple procedure?
Root canal treatment is very intensive regarding the equipment, tools and materials used, and at the same time it requires a high degree of dexterity and precision from the dentist. To ensure maximum quality, the procedure is performed with the aid of a dental operating microscope. Due to the need for a clean operating environment, sterile single use instruments are used along with a dental dam, which is a rubber sheet used to isolate the tooth from the rest of the mouth, to prevent the root canal from being contaminated by saliva or blood.
Why undergo a high standard procedure?
Endodontic treatment through the central point method is a considerably archaic approach. That is why we offer endodontic therapy to our patients exclusively through the condensation method, which is considered to be a high standard procedure, and thus is not covered by health insurance. In our dental office, we make sure to inform our patients of the costs involved in this high standard procedure, which the patients have to cover themselves.